Last update: September 2015



Development of A Cost Efficient Policy Tool for reduction of Particulate Matter in AIR


The project aims to provide the National Authorities at Central Regional and Local level with the means to control PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations in air.

Airborne Particulate Matter (PM) is a complex mixture of microscopic particles derived from both anthropogenic and natural sources. It is still a major Environmental problem in several countries in the EU, while new evidence regarding its detrimental impact on human health has emerged. Greece is one country among others in the EU, where a great deal of improvement with respect to emission control strategies can be made. The proposed project is targeting, firstly, to unravel the relative contribution of the multiple anthropogenic and other sources to the observed PM air concentrations. Secondly it will document the relative contribution of secondary aerosol particles to those from primary emissions, by taking into account the atmospheric processes which contribute secondary and primary PM at any given receptor site.

State of the art data and models will be incorporated in a versatile tool which will combine
comparative analysis of source contributions calculated from air concentrations and emission inventories. The tool will create a historical record of control measures, changes in emissions, targeted or economy driven, and provide results in measured concentration reductions apportioned to changes in every accounted source. This can allow the policy makers to evaluate the effects of control measures applied on specific emission sources as well as plan new ones. The project aims to demonstrate to local Regional and National Policy makers, the cost effectiveness of the tool developed, as it will be possible to evaluate quantitatively the results of policies on specific sources.

At present, although a number of measures are adopted for reduction in certain emissions and concentration levels are generally reduced in the last two decades, the quantitative result of these changes is largely unknown with respect to each one of the emission sources. As the Commission of E.C. is moving towards the implementation of the Thematic strategy on air Pollution, through the most recent Directive 2008/50/EC, and requirements of lower limit values for PM in air will come in effect, reduction in emissions will become costly and future management of emissions will require quantitative forecasts based on previous results.

In addition Public awareness is needed to be raised, so that policies can be positively adopted by the Public. The results from new emission control strategies, the application of Green measures and new products can be all evaluated by the proposed Policy Tool, with respect to their measured reduction in PM concentration, for every one of the sources. These results as well as estimated forecasts will be communicated by an active dissemination Programme to the citizens and their active participation will be promoted.


It is proposed to achieve this by the development of an integrated tool combining:

Action 1 (Project Management): Establish a core management committee composed of representatives of all partners and ensure availability of adequate resources on their behalf for the submission of correct financial and administrative data (reports). The chairman will have the general responsibility for the organization, planning and control of the project. Establish a steering Committee where, apart from the partners, main stakeholders will be involved.

Action 2: Updated historical and current databases for PM2.5 and PM10 concentration parameters, for the urban areas of Athens, Thessaloniki and Volos in Greece. Update the database of chemical source and ambient concentration in order to compare present and past source profile variability.

Action 3: State of the art source apportionment techniques based on the developed databases and receptor modelling. Apply state of the art source apportionment models available in the public domain and incorporate them in the series of modules required in order to develop the basis of the policy control tool.

Action 4: Updated emission inventories for primary anthropogenic and natural particulate matter sources.

Action 5: An operational platform where the modules of the previous actions will be assembled including databases of concentration levels of particulate matter mass, chemical composition of major and trace substances, emission inventories and source apportionment calculation module for analysis of the results. This platform will be developed in the form of a software tool allowing the assessment of the relative trends in emissions and observed concentration levels in parallel to the resolved contributions from the different sources so that identification of the results from previous control strategies can be achieved and new measures proposed.

Action 6: A two-way direct interaction process enabling the stakeholders involved to understand and be trained in the use of the developed policy tool concerning the reduction of key environmental factors and their interdependencies and to respond to benefits and problems like particulate matter concentrations in air in a competent way.

Action 7: Active application of the developed tool by means of comparing proposed or independently applied solutions concerning the reduction of different emissions and the results of reduced or enhanced trends in measured concentrations during the course of the project.

Action 8: Create an open forum with key stake holders from industry, state and local authority policy makers and NGO’s, where the results will be presented in order to motivate the dialogue for reduction in targeted emission source. An International Conference targeting the communication of results of this project and ongoing developments internationally, exchange of views with Policy makers at a European level and beyond is also planned.

Action 9: Environmental Dissemination embedded in a well defined communication
strategy makes efficient use of methods, instruments and techniques throughout the control
of particulate matter concentrations in air and ACEPT-AIR program life cycle. Publicize the
results through web pages, production of DVDs, seminars for secondary education teachers.

Action 10: Monitoring of Project progress. Setting the procedures and rules for monitoring project progress, reporting results to the management committee and taking actions for maintaining effective progress.

Action 11: At the final stage of the project, the database constructed as well as source apportionment and “ACEPT-AIR” Policy tool results will be used to address some of the objectives and requirements set by Directive 2008/50/EC. A set of Guidelines for action plan formulation will be produced, containing specific measures and policies in order to attain the limit values and concentration reductions required by the aforementioned

Action 12: An “After-LIFE Communication Plan” will include a road map of the long term application for the proposed Policy Tool communicated at the project’s web site, reports and establish long term links between the stakeholders.


Expected results (outputs and quantified achievements):

1) Detailed physicochemical characterization of PM in air at three characteristic urban areas in Greece and construction of respective databases of PM chemical composition

2) One public software tool for source apportionment and source profile storage and

3) 6 Emission inventories for 3 urban areas and two types of sources (anthropogenic and natural)

4) One set of Guidelines for effective action plan formulation for the 3 urban areas

5) One web page portal for the project activities (with the LIFE logo), and full details of its objectives, actions, progress and results

6) 6 seminars for secondary education teachers

7) 1 Conference for policy makers and NGOs

8) One Layman’s report on Actions, Tools, Effects and Long term Benefits from the project in local National and European level

9) Minimization in uncertainty of PM sources in the urban atmospheric Environment

10) Training of existing dedicated staff responsible for PM monitoring in air in using the
Policy Tool developed during the project

11) One DVD and one pamphlet

12) Three technical publications in Scientific journals (Atmospheric Environment, Journal
of water air and soil pollution etc.)

13) 5 Project reports including Inception report, progress reports, midterm and final



LIFE 09 ENV/GR/000289


Programme Life+Environment Policy and Governance


    © 2010 ACEPT-AIR - LIFE09/ENV/GR/000289